Mange in Dogs
preparations have been found effective for various ectoparasitic
insects. In demodectic mange of dogs, a lotion with neem soap gave
very good results (Tripathy, S.B., Tripathy, S.N. and Das, P.K.
(1988) Therapeutic efficacy of Himax (lotion) and Trichlorfon in
treatment of demodectic mange of dogs. Pashudhan, 3, 5). A compound
herbal preparation containing Himalayan cedarwood (Cedrus deodora
G. Don. f.) and neem controlled canine dermatitis caused by Demodex
canis and Sarcoptes spp. Hair appeared after 24-28 days and there
were no symptoms of toxicity (Das, S.S. and Bhatia B.B. (1993)
What is Demodex
mites infect many species of mammals, and they seem to have a high
degree of host specificity (i.e., mites from one host species will
not infect another host species). Humans are infected with two species
of follicle mites, D. folliculorum, which lives in hair follicles,
and D. brevis, which lives in sebaceous (oil) glands.
Both of these species are found most commonly in the hair follicles
and oil glands of the face (particularly in and around the nose,
eyes, and forehead). This mite can occur in a high percentage of
the population (nearly 100% in older people), but, fortunately,
these species do not usually cause "problems."
In those cases in which follicle mites do cause problems, they are
most often associated with skin rashes, hair loss (particularly
the eyelashes), and acne.